A prominent theory is that of Erik Erikson, a well-known psychologist, who has proposed the psychosocial theory of development. According to him, there are very specific stages of social development that an individual goes through in his transition from an adolescent to a young adult, a middle-aged adult, and then an old adult.Author: Puja Lalwani. Emotional and Social Development in Middle Adulthood Middle age is an important period of life. In middle adulthood, people face a number of changes including, middle age parenting, changing relationships with one's parents, transition in personal and professional responsibilities etcetera.
Early and middle adulthood is influenced by a number of social and emotional factors, such as work and interpersonal relationships. Learning Objectives Review the milestones and crises of socioemotional development in early and middle adulthood. Erikson (1982) describes the social development of young adults as a choice between intimacy and isolation: Either we learn to share our lives with others, or our fear of commitment causes us to remain locked in social and emotional isolation. Marriage remains an important landmark in adult life, and a transition into a significant adult role.
Adulthood has no signpost to announce its onset (as adolescence is announced by puberty). In technologically advanced nations, the life span is more than 70 years. Developmental psychologists usually consider early adulthood to cover approximately age 20 to age 40 and middle adulthood approximately 40 to 65. Social development is the development of social skills and emotional maturity that are needed to forge relationships and relate to others. Social development also involves developing empathy and understanding the needs of others. People hold numerous social roles in life such as friend, wife, husband, mother, father, and so on.